Federal Programs » Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)

Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)

On December 2015, Every Student Succeeds Act, or ESSA, was signed into law and replaced No Child Left Behind, or NCLB, as the nation's major law governing public schools. 
Entitlement Summary Descriptions:

Title I, Part A - Improving Basic Programs

Title I, Part A program goals are to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic standards and state academic assessments.

Title I, Part A provides supplemental resources to help schools with high concentrations of students from low-income families acquire the knowledge and skills in the state content standards and to meet the state student performance standards.

Title I, Part A provides support to schools in implementing either a school-wide program or a targeted assistance program and requires that these programs use effective methods and instructional strategies that are grounded in scientifically based research.

Title I, Part C - Migrant Education Program

Title I, Part C - Migrant Education Program (MEP) is to design and support programs that help migrant students overcome the challenges of mobility, cultural and language barriers, social isolation, and other difficulties associated with a migratory lifestyle.

MEP provides supplemental instructional and support services for migrant students and out of school migrant youth. These efforts are aimed at helping migrant students succeed in school and successfully transition to postsecondary education or employment.


Title II, Part A - Teacher, Principal Training and Recruiting (TPTR)
Title II, Part A funds provide supplemental funding to improve student achievement. The funds are used to improve teacher and principal quality through recruitment, hiring and retention strategies and to increase the number of highly qualified teachers in the classroom and highly qualified principals and assistant principals in schools. The program uses scientifically based professional development interventions and holds districts and schools accountable for improvements in student academic performance.


Title III, Part A - (LEP) - English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement Act

Title III, LEP funds are earmared to develop programs for limited English proficient students to attain English proficiency, develop high levels of academic attainment, and meet the same challenging state academic content and student academic achievement standards as all children are expected to meet.

Title IV, Part A SSAEP (Student Support and Academic Enrichment Program)
Title IV, Part A funds are earmarked to provide funding to improve the academic achievement of all students by increasing the capacity of LEAs, schools, and communities to (1) provide all students with access to a well-rounded education, (2) improve school conditions for student learning, and (3) improve the use of technology in order to enhance academic outcomes and digital literacy of students.


IDEA B Formula
The purpose of IDEA B is to provide special education and related services to children with disabilities ages 3-21. The regulations implementing IDEA B define the purpose of the act as a means to do the following: Ensure that all students with disabilities have available a free, appropriate public education (FAPE) that includes special education and related services to meet their unique needs; Ensure that the rights of students with disabilities and of their parents are protected; Assest states and localities in providing for the education of all students with disabilities and Assess and ensure the effectiveness of efforts to educate those students.


Perkins V - Carl Perkins Grant
The purpose of the career and technical education (CTE) program is to develop more fully the academic and career and technical skills of secondary students who enroll in CTE programs by: assisting CTE students in meeting challenging academic and technical standards, including preparation for high skill, high wage or high demand occupations; promoting the integration of academic and career technical instruction that links secondary and postsecondary education for CTE students.


GEAR UP (Region One) Grant
This discretionary grant program is designed to increase the number of low-income students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education. GEAR UP provides six-year grants to states and partnerships to provide services at high-poverty middle and high schools. GEAR UP grantees serve an entire cohort of students beginning no later than the seventh grade and follow the cohort through high school. GEAR UP funds are also used to provide college scholarships to low-income students.