Health Services » Anaphylaxis & Food Allergy

Anaphylaxis & Food Allergy

Anaphylaxis(Severe Allergic Reaction)

Anaphylaxis is a sudden, life threatening, severe allergic reaction. The most dangerous symptoms include breathing difficulties, a drop in blood pressure or shock.

Common examples of potentially life threatening allergies are those to foods or stinging insects. Other allergic reactions may also occur to medications, latex, or exercise.

Epinephrine is the first-line treatment in cases of anaphylaxis, which is usually supplied in epinephrine auto-injectors that is relatively simple to use (example: EpiPen® and EpiPen Jr® or Auvi-Q®).

While Mercedes ISD cannot guarantee an allergy-free environment at school, the district is committed to doing everything possible to ensure the safety of every child who has allergies.

Mercedes ISD has developed guidelines to manage students with these life threatening allergies so that they may safely participate in the educational process. Students who are at risk for developing anaphylaxis are entitled to carry and self-administer their anaphylaxis medications (epinephrine auto-injectors) while at school or a school event/activity, if they have met the legal requirements below:

  • An anaphylaxis plan is required by the student’s physician or other licensed health care provider.
  • The medication and the self-administration must be authorized by a physician or other licensed health care provider and documented on anaphylaxis plan.

  • The student must demonstrate to the physician, or other licensed health care provider and to the school nurse, the skill level necessary to self-administer the medication.

Mercedes ISD has an Anaphylaxis Action Plan in English and Spanish that has the components of the legal requirements included within it. Please contact your school nurse before enrollment or at the start of the new school year to obtain all the proper paper work needed to help ensure the safety of your student with a severe allergy or print and take the form below to your child’s physician.


All campuses have an emergency supply of epinephrine that school nurses or authorized trained school personnel may administer at any time to a person experiencing anaphylaxis on a school campus, off-campus school event, or while in transit to or from a school event when an unassigned epinephrine auto-injector is available. The District has specific procedures regarding the maintenance, administration, and disposal of epinephrine. The District works to provide epinephrine auto-injectors maintained in unlocked cabinets in the front office, checked periodically, and disposed of properly after use. Authorized trained staff is appropriately trained as to the right circumstances in which to administer epinephrine in the event of an anaphylactic reaction. To view more information regarding the District’s procedures, please see FFAC (Local).

Parents of children with known anaphylaxis are expected to provide an individual supply of emergency medication to the campus nurse.